Tokyo Tech News
Published: July 31, 2010
Polysialic acids composed of the a(2,8) and/or a(2,9) Neu5Ac units are frequently located at the non-reducing end of biologically active glycoconjugates such as glycoproteins and glycolipids. The use of chemically synthetic oligosaccharides as chemical probes is highly desirable for studying structure-activity relationships.
However, oligosialosides are difficult and challenging synthetic targets.
Now, Takashi Takahashi and colleagues at Tokyo Tech have developed an effective methodology for the synthesis of oligosialic acids by using 5,4-N,O-carbonyl protected sialic acid.
The 5,4-N,O-carbonyl protected sialic acid undergoes a-sialylation in non-coordinating solvents such as dichloromethane to provide a(2,8) disialic acid units in excellent yields and selectivity. The method enabled the first chemical synthesis of a(2,8) tetrasialic acid.
In addition, the Sato and Kitajima group in Nagoya University validated several antibodies using our synthetic oligosialic acid-conjugated proteins. This revealed that the a(2,8) trisialic acid unit, as recognized by mAb.A2B5, resides not only on glycolipids but also on glycoproteins in the developing mouse brain.
In conclusion, this new method for the synthesis of 5,4-N,O-carbonyl protected sialic acid strongly assists any chemical biology research focusing on the role of oligosialic acids.
Synthesis of a(2,8) tetrasialic acid.
Graduate School of Science and Engineering Applied Chemistry