Research

Tokyo Tech News

New simple storage method for faecal samples offers improvements in the metagenomic analysis and the study of disease

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Published: August 17, 2016

Associate Professor Takuji Yamada of Tokyo Institute of Technology, Laboratory Head Shinichi Yachida of National Cancer Center and colleagues developed a new faecal microbiome preservation method to support metagenomic analysis of intestinal flora, bacteria in the intestines. Recent developments in gene-sequencing technology have enabled researchers to identify the genomes of natural bacteria in the intestines. Reports have shown that these bacteria are strongly associated with obesity, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease and allergies. They also show potential as disease markers to identify cancer risks.

Conventionally faecal samples are frozen on dry ice or in a deep-freezer immediately after collection, because bacterial taxa can undergo changes within 15 minutes at room temperature. However, immediate deep-freezing is often inconvenient in clinical practice, so a simple storage method at room temperature is desirable.

Researchers stored faecal samples in a guanidine thiocyanate solution kept at room temperature and compared them with samples preserved using conventional fresh freezing. Samples stored at room temperature showed no significant difference in taxonomic composition from those stored using conventional methods. This new, simple storage solution offers a means for metagenomic analysis of faecal samples stored at room temperature. The study further showed that bacterial composition did not vary significantly before or after large intestine colonoscopy and pre-washout.

Fold changes in taxonomic abundance of 20 dominant genera.

Figure. Fold changes in taxonomic abundance of 20 dominant genera.

Left, fold changes in taxonomic abundance of 20 dominant genera. Middle, comparisons between frozen and room temperature-stored samples from one day before colonoscopy (blue), the test day morning (red) and during bowel cleansing (yellow). Right, comparisons between baseline samples (D0_F) and samples from the test day morning (blue), during bowel cleansing (red), and 2 months after colonoscopy (yellow).

Reference

Authors:
Yuichiro Nishimoto1, Sayaka Mizutani1, Takeshi Nakajima2, Fumie Hosoda3, Hikaru Watanabe1, Yutaka Saito2, Tatsuhiro Shibata3,4, Shinichi Yachida3*, Takuji Yamada1*
Affiliations :
1 School of Life Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology
2 Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital
3 Division of Cancer Genomics, National Cancer Center Research Institute
4 Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Human Genome Center, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo,
Journal:
Gut
Title of original paper:
High stability of faecal microbiome composition in guanidine thiocyanate solution at room temperature and robustness during colonoscopy
DOI :
*
To whom correspondence should be addressed
*
corresponding author e-mail: syachida@ncc.go.jp takuji@bio.titech.ac.jp

School of Life Science and Technology

School of Life Science and Technology
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Information on School of Life Science and Technology inaugurated in April 2016

School of Life Science and Technology

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Further information

Associate Professor Takuji Yamada
School of Life Science and Technology

Email takuji@bio.titech.ac.jp
Tel +81-3-5734-3629

Contact

Center for Public Affairs and Communications
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Email media@jim.titech.ac.jp
Tel +81-3-5734-2975

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