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Thermoacoustic instability: Direct numerical simulations in turbulent swirling premixed flames

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Published: February 16, 2017

Intensive pressure oscillations by thermoacoustic instabilities are critical for the operation of practical gas turbine combustors. However, it is difficult to investigate interactions between turbulent flames and acoustic modes of combustors due to the existence of complex dynamics and their three-dimensional nature.

Now, Kozo Aoki, Masayasu Shimura, Mamoru Tanahashi and colleagues at Tokyo Institute of Technology have shown that turbulent flame fluctuations induced by large- and fine-scale vortical motions interact with specific three-dimensional acoustic modes of a combustor.

The characteristics were investigated by applying dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) to results of direct numerical simulations (DNS) of turbulent swirling premixed flames in a small cuboid combustor. The transverse acoustic plane waves and pressure oscillations induced by large-scale vortical motions play important roles for pressure oscillations in the combustor.

DMD of heat release rate field reveals that the DMD modes of pressure with high amplitude do not necessarily have coupling with fluctuations of heat release rate, whereas oscillation modes caused by large-scale vortical motions have large energy not only in pressure field but also in heat release rate field.

These results indicate the significance of the control of large-scale vortical motion to suppress thermoacoustic instability. Furthermore, thermoacoustic instability has been investigated recently from the view point of disturbance energy, which will contribute to deepen understanding of the mechanisms of thermoacoustic instability.

DMD modes of the pressure fields at 124 kHz.

DMD modes of the heat release rate fields at 124 kHz.

Figure 1. DMD modes of the pressure (left) and heat release rate (right) fields at 124 kHz.

Integrated circuit with ZnO nanowires.

Figure 2. Integrated circuit with ZnO nanowires.

Reference

Authors:
Kozo Aoki, Masayasu Shimura, Shinichi Ogawa, Naoya Fukushima, Yoshitsugu Naka, Yuzuru Nada, Mamoru Tanahashi and Toshio Miyauchi.
Title of original paper:
Short- and Long-term Dynamic Modes of Turbulent Swirling Premixed Flame in a Cuboid Combustor
Journal:
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 35, pp.3209-3217 (2015).
DOI :
Affiliations :
Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology.
Authors:
Kozo Aoki, Masayasu Shimura, Yoshitsugu Naka, and Mamoru Tanahashi.
Title of original paper:
Disturbance Energy Budget of Turbulent Swirling Premixed Flame in a Cuboid Combustor
Journal:
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 36, pp.3809?3816 (2017).
DOI :
Affiliations :
Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology.

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Further information

Associate Professor Masayasu Shimura
School of Engineering

Email shimura.m.aa@m.titech.ac.jp
Tel +81-3-5734-3183

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This article has been updated to correct reference on March 9.

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